Center for Interdisciplinary Studies (ZüF)
Department of Contemporary History
Vienna International Summer University
SWC Scientific World Conceptions
2002: MIND AND COMPUTATION
Vienna, University Campus, July 15-26, 2002
A two-week high-level summer course on questions about the relation
between mind, brain and computation from a historical and
epistemological point of view, with a special focus on quantum
Brian McLaughlin (Rutgers University, New Brunswick, USA)
Michael Hagner (Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, D)
Assistant Lecturers: t.b.a.
Anton Zeilinger (Department of Experimental Physics, University of Vienna, A)
Since the nineteenth century, experimental, clinical and anatomical
studies of the brain have vastly determined the brain as an organ, in
which various psychological qualities are located in different
regions. This has resulted in a cerebral topography of man that seeks
to decipher man beyond the mind-matter dualism. Thought in itself,
perceptions and language, previously issues of philosophy, have now
become an object of the life sciences. At the same time, however,
models of cognition based on language of thought have become crucial
for the philosophy of mind.
Around the middle of the twentieth century, the brain became
conceptualized as a computer, and this led to numerous fruitful
research enterprises. More recently, however, the equation between
brain and computer has been challenged. One aim of this Summer
University is to discuss various shifts in the relation between mind,
brain and computation from a historical and epistemological point of
view. Moreover, the Summer University will focus on the relation
between physiological and mental processes, for example, the relation
between low-level vision accounts of color perception and their
interaction with theories of visual consciousness.
Topics will include:
- The architecture of the mind: the classicism/connectionism debate.
- The history of the cerebral localization of the mind.
- Minds and machines in the age of cybernetics.
- Metaphors for the brain and its activity.
- Reverse optics and the study of color consciousness.
- Single cells and cerebral architectures: functional units of the
brain in historical perspective.
- Information, observation and consciousness in Quantum Physics.
International Program Committee
Martin Carrier (Bielefeld), Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara (Florence), Maria
Carla Galavotti (Bologna), Malachi Hacohen (Duke), Rudolf Haller
(Graz), Rainer Hegselmann (Bayreuth), Michael Heidelberger (Tübingen),
Elisabeth Leinfellner (Vienna), Paolo Mancosu (Berkeley), Friedrich
Stadler (Vienna), Roger Stuewer (Minneapolis), Thomas Uebel
(Manchester), Jan Wolenski (Cracow), Anton Zeilinger (Vienna)
Michael Stöltzner (Secretary of the Program Committee, Vienna)
The main Lecturers
Michael Hagner is Senior Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the
History of Science in Berlin. His research interests include the
history of the neurosciences, the history of experimentation, and the
relation between history of science and cultural history.
Hagner is the author of Homo cerebralis. Die Lokalisation der
geistigen Eigenschaften und das moderne Verständnis vom Menschen
(1997, English translation in preparation) and has edited Der
"falsche" Koerper. Beiträge zu einer Geschichte der Monstrositäten
(1995) and Ecce cortex. Beiträge zur Geschichte des modernen Gehirns
(1999). Most recently, he has edited Ansichten der
Brian McLaughlin is Professor at Rutgers University, New Brunswick,
USA, where he has taught since 1995.His research is in the field of
cognitive science, philosophy of mind and analytic philosophy.
McLaughlin is co-editor of Actions and Events: Perspectives on the
Philosophy of Donald Davidson (1985), Perspectives on Self-Deception
(1988), and editor of Dretske and His Critics (1991). He has
published many articles in the forementioned areas of
research. Several visiting professorships in the United States and
Anton Zeilinger is Professor and Director of the Institute of
Experimental Physics at the University of Vienna. He and his group -
one of the world's leading experimental quantum physics research
groups - have realized in experiment many fundamental predictions of
quantum theory. Among his many awards and prizes are the membership of
the German order Pour le Mérite and the Senior Humboldt Fellow Prize.
Zeilinger is author and editor of seminal books and many articles on
Quantum Physics, Quantum Information and Quantum Cryptography.
Further informations: http://ivc.philo.at/VISU
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