April 12: Hans Reichenbach and Logical Empiricism in Turkey

Subject: April 12: Hans Reichenbach and Logical Empiricism in Turkey
From: Helmut Veith (kgs-owner@dbai.tuwien.ac.at)
Date: Fri Apr 09 1999 - 14:14:00 MET DST

Einladung zum Vortrag
des Instituts "Wiener Kreis"

Yaman Örs (Ankara University)
Hans Reichenbach and Logical Empiricism in Turkey

Zeit: Mo. 12. April 1999, 19:00 c.t.
Ort: Institut für Mathematik der Universität Wien
Boltzmanngasse 5 (MET-Hs), A-1070 Wien
Yaman Örs, who received his Ph.D at the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara, is
Professor of Deontology and the History of Medicine at the Medical Faculty of Ankara University.
He gave lectures on conceptual aspects and methodology of the sciences of life (in the department of
biology at METU) and on bioethics and biopolitics (in the department of philosophy at METU).
Recently he has started a course on ethics, bioethics and biopolitics at the Graduate School of Social
Sciences at Ankara University. His main areas of interest are: methodologies of philosophy, history,
bioethics, and medicine (psychiatry in particular); the concept of evolution; and the moral aspects of
the relationship between man and nature. In 198788 Örs spent a year as a Fulbright scholar in the
United States. Between 1989 and 1993 he was, being the Turkish representative, a member of the
Comité Directeur sur la Bioéthique (CDBI, formerly CAHBI) at the council of Europe.

As one of the leading representatives of logical empiricism and scientific philosophy, Hans
Reichenbach has been particularly influential on developments in the philosophy of science in
Turkey. Reichenbach (18911953), who remained relatively unknown in Turkey after he had
begun to work in Istanbul, met a group of people in his new department, who had a strong
inclination to Western philosophy. He was appointed as ordinarius philosopher and head of the
department of philosophy. In the course of time, however  as could have been expected
somewhere else as well  he met a strong resistance from philosophical circles in Istanbul, because of his adherence to the "New Philosophy": Neopositivism and Logical Empiricism. In spite of the rather poor quality of the academic work and the low educational level of the students, Reichenbach
tried, from the very beginning, in defiance of the established tradition, to found his teachings on his scientific philosophy, emphasizing logical analysis in order to exclude metaphysics and the traditional philosophical approaches in general.
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