Re: A message from L. A. Zadeh: Efficiency


Subject: Re: A message from L. A. Zadeh: Efficiency
From: R. Zijlstra (r.zijlstra02@kpn.com)
Date: Wed Mar 22 2000 - 16:37:44 MET


Michelle T. Lin <michlin@cs.berkeley.edu> schreef in artikel
<200003202251.OAA13426@typhon.CS.Berkeley.EDU>...
> *********************************************************************
> Berkeley Initiative in Soft Computing (BISC)
> *********************************************************************
>
>
> To: BISC Group
> From: L. A. Zadeh <zadeh@cs.berkeley.edu>
>
>
> As we all know, efficiency is becoming an object of worship. The
> following story, which I got from Steve Kahne, serves as an example of
> ways in which higher efficiency may be achieved.
>
>
> SCHUBERT'S UNFINISHED SYMPHONY
>
> A Company Chairman was given ticket for a performance of Schubert's
> Unfinished Symphony. Being unable to go, he passed the invitation to
> the Company's Work Study Consultant. The next morning, the Chairman
> asked him how he had enjoyed it and, instead of a few plausible
> observations, he was handed a memorandum which read as follows:
>
> a. For considerable periods, the oboe players had nothing to do. The
> number should be reduced and their work spread over the whole
> orchestra, thus eliminating peaks of inactivity.
>
> b. All twelve violins were playing identical notes. This seems
> unnecessary duplication, and the staff of this section should be
> drastically cut. If a large volume of sound is really required, this
> should be obtained through the use of an amplifier.
>
> c. Much effort was absorbed in the playing of demisemiquavers. This
> seems an excessive refinement, and it is recommended that all notes
> should be rounded up to the nearest semiquaver. If this were done, it
> should be possible to use trainees and low grade operators.
>
> d. No useful purpose is served by repeating with horns the passage
> that has already been handled by the strings. If all such redundant
> passages were eliminated, the concert could be reduced from two hours
> to twenty minutes.
>
> In the light of the above, one can only conclude that had Schubert
> given attention to these maters, he would probably have had time to
> finish his Symphony.
>
> A Work Study of similar symphonies according to these suggestions
> would permit various concerts each evening. Each second concert hall
> in the town would thus be free for other purposes. The resulting
> energy saving would be an important secondary effect.
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------
> Lotfi A. Zadeh
> Professor in the Graduate School and Director,
> Berkeley Initiative in Soft Computing (BISC)
> CS Division, Department of EECS
> University of California
> Berkeley, CA 94720-1776
> Tel/office: (510) 642-4959 Fax/office: (510) 642-1712
> Tel/home: (510) 526-2569 Fax/home: (510) 526-2433
> email: zadeh@cs.berkeley.edu
> http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/People/Faculty/Homepages/zadeh.html
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